Wednesday, 11 July 2007

Prabhat Khabar interview : July 2007

1. How do you see the process of globalization!

Answer: In my View, the adoption of Dunkle proposal and GATT treaty affected Indian economy to reach at height of around 10 % GDP Growth and maintaining average GDP growth of around 7-8 % which is good sign for the country. This has certainly benefited larger section of the society, mean to say from lower middle class to upper class of the society. The growth can be visible. Many MNCs has started its operation In India and in the same way many Indian companies are performing very well in other countries and approaching the level of MNCs and also in the international market, our companies got brand name. The take over Daewoo in Korea, Take over of corus in UK, take over of POSCO in Korea by Mittal group, Excellent record of Mittal industry in steel are excellent examples.

But the negative point of the Globalization is that poor are not benefited much and their life style almost remains the same. If we go in depth, we found that the gap between rich and poor, halves and halves-not are increasing.
Also development is not uniform; every parts of India are not affected by the globalization. In the context of Bihar, North –East states, globalization doesn’t come into picture as it has not affected the economy of the state. As a result industrialization reached to some states of India and those states have become rich state in terms of wealth and per capita Income. So Bihar has little contribution for the development of the country.

2. Do you agree with the existing model of development! if yes or no, then why!

Answer: I agree with the model as this is global phenomenon. If we go the whole hog, non-uniform development will always exist everywhere in the world, particularly the countries which are Poor and developing.
To overcome this gap of society, Govt and non government organization, Companies and business class should come forward for the investment and to start welfare activity.
NRIs, businessman of this region should come forward to help poor, infrastructure of school & colleges and welfare is required on the basis of the son of the soil.

3. Do you see any ray of hope of changing the scenario of Hindi heartland ie Bihar, jharkhand, eastern u.p etc like southern and western state of country.

Answer: All three states Bihar, Jharkhand & Eastern UP are gradually developing but performance of these states are very poor.
After bifurcation from Bihar, Jharkhand have become one of the wealthiest states in the country. This is perhaps the first state in the country which produces surplus budget. Bihar in the present regime is also on the path of progress. Post Global Meet scenario has changed the thinking of even common man. Development is only the issue for them.
But the political condition and nature of the politicians of both the state are almost same. They believe in cheap politics and see every thing from the eye of the heinous politics. We always fear the constant growth of the development and thinking of the vibrant govt.
Though presently Bihar is on the Track but In Jharkhand after bifurcation from Bihar, political condition of this newly borned state is not good. Politicians are corrupt and immature believe in “Utta Patak natak”. State gives good performance because of its natural power and mines not because of the good policy of the govt and its politicians.
Mean to say at Present, there is ray of hope from the govt of Bihar and its new leadership but the condition of ruling party in Jharkhand is not good. People should give clear mandate to avoid these “nataks” by politician.

4. In your opinion, what are the main hurdles that have halted the process of development in hindi heartland.
Answer:Politics in nerves of common man: In my view, politics is the main hurdles of the development of all Hindi states. What I found is that even common man involves themselves in the politics, some times dirty and heinous politics at all levels from family level to country level. They apply and think in the same angle of politics. Even in buses/trains /pan shop, Tea shop every where they talk about Politics; they never engage themselves in the personal /individual development; they never talk about business and business growth of the family.
But reverse is the case in South Indian States, western Indian states; they don’t have time to talk about politics; they even don’t know about abc of the politics.
If they talk, then only about individual growth.

Lack of visionary and honest politicians: In all these states, there is lack of visionary politicians. Politicians of Bihar/Jharkhand believe in cheap politics and short term goal of squeezing/making utmost personal money instead of doing development activity in the sake of the state.
It can be easily understood and can be seen.
Illiteracy and vast population: Illiteracy and vast population are also the main root cause for slow process of development. Here implementation of laws are very difficult, it doesn’t reach to the masses. Because of the common man innocency they can be easily misunderstood and misunderstood by the politicians.

Failure of cooperative movement: Cooperative movement was successful in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Punjab and other south Indian states. In the development of Maharashtra and Gujarat, cooperative movement played significant role. Still cooperative societies are working not only larger level but also apartment and house level. But in Bihar and Jharkhand, they all were fake organization who earned money in the name of cooperative society.

5. Good governance is the newest buzzword of indian polity but it seems that it is not so appealing in the hindi heartland. what cold be the reason behind it! Answer: The reasons are same as discussed above. In addition to this, one more factor also hampers development
Attitude and cooperation: Lack of helping Positive attitude and co-ordination, cooperation with the people of whole north India hinders others to progress and streamline the pace of development. They don’t help each other. But in the case of people of South India and western India, the case is reverse; they are very much cop-operative. If any south Indian, particularly people of A.P ,Tamil Nadu goes out of India, they helps other minimum 2-3 friends from India to get employment abroad or do business activity but very few from North India have this tendency. In North India , Only Punjab has good reputation and no of people in outside India and other states is having poor no of migrants .

6. what short of business activities, development model and work, would you like to suggest for bihar, jharkhand.
Answer: let me give you very frank opinion about this. First reputation of Jharkhand is better than Bihar after bifurcation of the state. That why business model in both the state is different. Let us discuss both one by one.

Investment possibility in Jharkhand:

In Jharkhand which is the rich state in terms of mines and minerals, investment possibilities are there in Software industry, R&D labs, Steel industry etc.
Jamshedpur can be center of investment where R&D centers in software /hardware can be started. There has been enough potential in this city and environment is like metropolitan city of India and possess rich culture because of existence of TATA Motors and many companies with their townships.

Ranchi can be the best spot in Medical education, engineering education and I do feel that revival of Heavy Electric Corporation will pay the state as well as contribute in the nation economy. Pharmaceutical industry and hotel industry has enough potential to grow in this state.

Dhanbad and Bokaro need more Mines Research Center as well as steel giant to come for the investment.
Hazaribagh can be preserved as the natural beauty in the form of tourist place.

Investment possibilities in Bihar

Though the common perception about opportunity in Bihar is completely negative
because of the environment made by the past all governments in Bihar but there are many opportunities where industries, Investors can show their interest. Following are region wise opportunities which were either not identified by govt or not given much attention to it.
A. Patna Region: Patna has great potential in Finance, Trade & Commerce, Entertainment & Media, Tourism, Dairy Technology, IT and R&D Companies where
Patna can be the best choice of investors. Magadh stock exchange at Patna should be immediately revived. Patna can be the city of education and higher learning along with center for R&D. In Dairy Technology, Patna and Muzaffarpur have shown its potential and this is the only industries in Bihar which has excellent track record in terms of profits. Many more diaries industries should come forward to invest in this sector. There are potential in opening Film city, shopping malls, and hub of tourism industry at Patna.

B. Vaishali & Muzaffarpur bound areas: Hajipur can be the good place for Tourism (Vaishali), Manufacturing Industries and also electronic city of Hajipur should be immediately revived and reinstalled. Because of nearness from the state capital, the area from Patna to via Hajipur Muzaffarpur will be good destination for the investment in Education, Manufacturing industries and food processing industries. In fruits exports (Litchi, Mango and Banana), both city can be developed as center and there are large possibility of opening export –import company in this area where investment from private sector is required.

C. Sitamarhi & Raxaul: Sitamarhi can be the best destination for tourism and can attract Hindu religious people as it is the birth place of Hindu Goddess Sita. The govt and private agencies should come forward to develop this city and bound areas. This district is also good in Sugar Industry. Riga Sugar Factory, near Sitamarhi is well known which should be given more importance and revived by govt. Other non govt agencies should come for the investment in sugar industries in this district.
In Litchi production, Sitamarhi is second best after Muzaffarpur. Raxaul can be developed for the international trade with India and Nepal.

D. Darbhanga: This region can be developed as good place for floriculture and horticulture. Pan, Makhan and Machhali (fish) are three important things for the people in Mithila region. People of whole Mithila are known for their brilliancies since ancient times. There are opportunity to develop this city as center of education and research. The forts of Darbhanga Kingdom can be used for the tourism purpose. The forts of Darbhanga in all over the state can be used for the spot for the tourist attraction. As whole Darbhanga, Madhubani, Saharsha and Supaul has large no of ponds, fishery industries can be developed. There is immediate need of Establishment of Branch of Central Fishery Research Institute (CFRI,Mumbai) at Darbhanga.

E. Madhubani: is Famous for Mithila Paintings in all over the world. It needs to be
spread to all villages of Mithila and other districts of Bihar as one of the industries.
Presently only few village women are working. Govt should declare it as industry.
There are huge scope for private sector and NGOs to come forward & help to grow this industry in the state.

F. Samastipur: This dist is famous for Famous for Khaini (Tambaku) production and
wheat. This needs to be more advertised as it is cash crops. The establishment of sugar industry in this dist will be good option for the investors.

G. Bhagalpur Region: Bhagalpur has great potential in Silk Industry, Textile, Handloom & Handicraft, Gems & Jewelry, and Furniture & Artifacts etc. This city should be popularized and advertised as “Silk city of India” .This region is also be developed for tourism as same as Nalanda. Vikramshila can be the good spot for the tourist.

H. Begusarai: Begusarai district in known for the industries in the field of petroleum, chemical, petrochemical integrate complex including upstream & downstream industry. Presently only govt has its own industry in this field but this dist needs more investment by private sector.

I. Purnia and Katihar Region: This dist is good in agro based industry like Jute, Leather and allied products, animal products, fisheries, poultry. The entrepreneurship can be developed in the youths of this district so 38 as they can earn huge amount of Money from this sector.

J. Munger Region: can be developed Electrical & Mechanical Hardware Industry,
and Heavy Industry etc.

K. Gaya, Nalanda & all Budhist Cicuit Regions: No need to say much about this
Buddhist circuit. Because of internal terrorism this dist has got bad name. Because of tourist attraction, there are plenty of opportunities in hotel industry. Gaya,Rajgir, Pawauri, Nalanda, Patna, Fatuha should come under special category for Bihar where govt can get much from the foreigners. In addition to tourism and hotel industry,
these whole region are also good in Cement,Stone Slabs, Prefab Structure, Power Plants other Mineral Based Industry.Jehanabad can be the center of the production of wheat and rice.

L. Bhojpur Region: Bhojpur Region of Bihar can be developed as the center agriculture .ifgovt pays attention; this has potential to produce wheat and paddy as Punjab and Haryana produces.


7. Do you think that S.E.Z will able to provide durable opportunity for development or to provide employment to reduce poverty!
Answer: Yes, I completely agree.
I think, there has been negative politics in the name of SEZ. Every one knows that India needs Industrialization to compete the world economy as well as to progress of common man.
I can not deny the worst part of the episode that has happened in west Bengal but it doesn’t mean that it should be stopped.
Some people say that companies should directly contact and bargain with the landlords, this is just one way of solution. This is worldwide approach that govt provide land to the business man who wants to invest.
I have reservation on not using fertile land for business process.
Can anybody say that IIT Khragapur is not fertile land, IIT Kanpur and IISC Bangalore is not on the fertile land?


8. Would you like to return your native place/state to change its face!
Answer: Yes, I have already started movement for uniting educated people of Bihar under BiharBrains (www.biharbrains.org) under BBrains development society which happens to be the first international society of its kind in Bihar and forum for NRIs.

I have also just established my own company called TekBrains (www.tekbrains.co.in) which will do its operation at Patna, New delhi and south Korea.This company is in the field of Chip design and development and will be first company for the state of Bihar in high end technology. My vision is to develop it into IC manufacturing industry and make North India as center of Hardware technology.
At present, India is doing well in software industry and earned more money and got good brand name, but we will not achieve success unless we get hardware manufacturing center and start the fabrication of ICs for which India has potential. Let us work on the “Made in India Brand” in a new approach and thought.

Tuesday, 10 July 2007







Patna July 2006: Vikasheet Bihar Lakshya aur Hamara Yogdan : Article in Hindi was sent to Prabhat khabar on their demand which they publish it in the titled " Kaisi ho Madat Saat Samundar Par se" What kind of support can be expected from across the sea"
Expectations from Global Bihar Meet




The first ever Global Bihar Meet organized by Bihar times & Institute for Human development, New Delhi in association with govt of Bihar on Jan 19 ,2007 –Jan 21,2007 at SK memorial Hall is at door. The preparation for making it successful remembrance meet is on full swing. Bihar Govt ,particularly Hon’ble DY CM of Bihar, Sri Sushil Kumar Modi with its counterpart Hon’ble CM ,Sri Nitish Kumar jee are involved themselves in inviting top brasses of India & abroad including President of India , PM of Mauritius,Sri Naveen Gopal , RBI governer etc , many new names are being included into it.
It looks Patna is going to be most happening destination for some days where NRIs, NRBs, Industrialists, academicians, scientists & social workers from different countries and states of India are visiting to show their presence for the noble cause into this summit and give blessings to new Bihar for their healthy & prosperous future .
As the reports last came in, altogether 70-80 NRIs of different countries & over 150 NRBs of different states of India including CEOs/CTOs of big companies are expected to participate.

This is the first time that people of Bihar from different country will be sitting together and will be discussing on development perspectives of the state, giving their proposal to invest into state, giving their ideas to develop Bihar and more than this all will interact each other for the noble cause which may develop fertile ground for the big investment in the state.

President A P J Abdul Kalam will inaugurate the Global Bihar Meet in Patna on January 19 and the Prime Minister of Mauritius Navin Gopal will also grace the occasion. “Former RBI Governor and Chairman of PM’s Economic Advisory Council, C Rangarajan has given his consent to give the valedictory address on January 21,
The other technical sessions will be attended by representatives from the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, UNICEF and Bihar Industries Association.

Though many big shots are participating in this global meet, the question arises
Should we expect large investment from this global meet?
Are NRIs /Industrialists of Bihar confident & secured to invest in the state?
Will they invest on the basis of son of the soil?
These are the big question in the minds of every one, all fear about repetition of past unfruitful NRIs meet in 1990’s.
Let us come and discuss on these aspects which is directly or indirectly related to the development of the state.
Why Investors may think about Bihar?

To be very frank, businessmen are the only businessman who doesn’t work on sentiments. They usually don’t think about the investment where conditions and situation are not favorable even if they are the son of the soil.
They establish their industries which happen to be most suitable for them. This is the main reason why many states of India progressed very well by making their destination favorable to Businessman. In India , except some states like Maharashta, Gujarat, Punjab, UP, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka etc ,other states were not successful in luring large nos of investors in their states because of worse Law & order and Infrastructure , internal terrorism etc which always hinders business man from opening their business and R&D houses.

Bihar which is supposed to be most backward state in India has been devoid of willful politicians and policy makers. The selfish, non co-operation & non –coordination attitude of not only Local politicians and the govt but also erudite who have not been contributed for the development of the state. This resulted anarchy after independence particularly in 15 yrs misrule of the past RJD govt. The state was known to be hub of knowledge, sheet of learning, enlightening whole world through scientific, cultural and ethical values has become sorry state of India. We have not seen any investment by major players of India in Bihar because of the bad environment for the investment in state even though many major players started their business from united Bihar like TATA, MAHINDRA etc

The new NDA govt in Bihar which has just come into power, a year ago have initiated development process. They have very tough task for ameliorating & changing rotten systems, mending Law & order situation, paying attention into infrastructure development (Road, electricity, Transportation) & developing education system which are the key factor for the development of the state.
Following are the efforts made by govt in around one year

1. Law & order situation improved: the first & foremost condition of NRIs and industrialists for Non –committal to investment in the state is worst law & order situation. They don’t want to invest because local goondas, hooligans demand “firouti” from the businessman. The most vital part was, they all were running their business under local politicians. This govt have taken strict action on these activities and the situation is improved, crime rate has decreased, and people in Patna started moving on the roads in the late nights with their family & friends. In other parts of Bihar also, Law and order has gradually improved. This is also to be noted that miscreants and goondas are now smashed in the public. This is also one major change which has been witnessed in this new regime.

2. Infrastructure development: the state govt has given much attention on improving road condition and electricity. If you visit Bihar, everywhere construction works has started. The connection links between Patna and North Bihar through Muzaffarpur & Hajipur has been given more attention. The govt has decided to start work on four lane road between Patna and Muzaffarpur which is the National Highway. The construction works has been started on the flood affected areas between Sitamarhi and Muzaffarpur by constructing long bridges and good roads. This is to be noted that Muzaffarpur, Hajipur can be best destination for investment in tourism, education and Sugar and also IT because of the good connectivity with the state capital. Sitamarhi, the boarder dist of Nepal can be best destination for tourist for Hindu goddess “Sita”. Darbhanga, Motihari, Bhojpur, sonepur May also become favorable destination for investors in the field of Food processing unit, fruit exports and also the pharmaceutical industry because of its connectivity by good roads and distance from state capital .
All Buddhist circuit places have been already connected by good
Roads where Japan. China & Singapore etc countries are investing on the
improving road condition and other infrastructure development. And many
more Buddhist countries are interested for infrastructure development of
this part of Bihar particularly in Hotel industry, roads and power etc.
It seems, within 2-3 yrs, all parts of Bihar will connected by good roads.

3. Educational development: This govt has vision for improving education system of Bihar right from Primary education to higher level education. Recently implementation of common school system (first time in India), appointment of 50,000 teachers in govt primary schools , establishment of extension center of BIT Mesra at Patna ,establishment of National Law school (in the name of Chanakya) at patna, new strict order for professors in colleges for improving standards of education are some of the major steps taken by govt. The establishment of New IIT and re-opening of
Nalanda University is also one of the major decisions taken by govt in Bihar. Many countries such as Japan, Singapore, Indonesia & china are ready to play major role in reviving this ancient sheet of learning at Nalanda. Many engineering colleges, Medical colleges and Management colleges are going to be opened in which private sector is playing major role. There is huge demand for the investment in Bihar in opening engg & medical colleges, Management and Hotel management colleges. R&D institutes, IT Design and training centers in Bihar.

4. Investment Initiatives: Bihar govt has approved investment proposals of around Rs. 25000 crore in last one year. Around Rs 4,600 crore has been invested for opening new sugar factories and the revival of the closed ones. This is the major Breakthrough in the industry of Bihar. All the closed Nine sugar factories has been re opened and many private companies has come forward for establishing sugar industries in Bihar. The Bihar Foundation has been established by the govt under DY CM of Bihar. This is an agency to be put in place by the government soon, will coordinate efforts to bring in investments from outside the state and link them to local enterprises. The Deputy Chief Minister, who visited Britain, Italy and Canada to market Bihar as a favorable investment destination, has proposed to set up an NRI cell in the State Government to facilitate investments.


Investment Possibilities & Ground Realities:
in the 1990’s , then chief Minister Lalu Prasad visited to England, United States, Singapore, among others, ostensibly to invite investment in the state. NRI meet also was organized by the state govt. All attempts were unfruitful because of the basic thing as mentioned above which govt had never paid attention to improve in the state.
The present govt also felt the same thing and started working on creating work environment in the state. As initiatives Hon’ble DyCM of Bihar visited many countries to give impression that they are committed to the development of the Bihar and more than this, he popularized that Bihar is now means Business. This was good sign for investors. Sri NK Singh became the brand ambassador of Bihar in US /UK & other European countries to convince investors that Bihar govt is now seriously thinking to invite investors in the state by doing some work, providing basic infrastructure, law & order etc. Bihar Govt with its ambassadors have tried to convey their message that the state Govt is Very keen on the investment in fields of tourism, sugar Industries, other agro based industries, education, IT and health. These are the areas where Bihar has enough potential. As a result some companies including Tata, Mahindra has already showed their interest and decided to invest in the state.
Organizing global Bihar meet is the one of the major decisions taken by state govt which is unique in its significance. Bihar Govt in association with Bihar Times and Institute of Human Development, New Delhi and also in active coordination with overseas coordinator, are trying to prepare ground for NRIs/NRBs and Industrialist where they can altogether discuss on the issue of development of the state.
Though organizers and coordinators do feel that nos of participation in this first global meet are not so satisfactory in terms of no of industrialists & CEOs from abroad because many of them are employee of different companies, many of them have not planned for the investment in Bihar, many of them are going with their futuristic approach and they will decide after seeing the changes made by Bihar govt in view of investment in the state.
At one glance, if they get satisfied, they will be thinking later to invest in Bihar.
Many NRIs is of the views that Bihar has to improve a lot but certainly this meet will help investors to think about possible investment in the state.
In the global meet, the govt is expecting investment particularly from health, IT & Tourism section

Organizers, govt and overseas coordinators have already decided to popularize and convey message to all that” it is not an investment conference”. The missions of the conf are to

(1) Improve Bihar Image
(2) Communicate Opportunities in Bihar
(3) Convince participants to take the roll of Ambassador of Bihar

All the three factors are very important for Bihar. Bihar has got very bad name in spite of the fact that state has immense opportunities place/sectors to sell its brand.

The Bihar govt has to work hard & show that they really want to improve things which are very much needed for the investment in the state. Mean to say that govt has to work more in the direction of creating work environment in the state, luring business man, easing their rules for investment, improving law & order, improving Roads & electricity condition of the state on which they already started work.
Convincing on this mission of the conference, Sri Ajay Kumar, CEO, Bihar Times, along with the Institute of Human Development, Delhi, agrees that this conference will facilitate to bring prospective investors across the world and the Bihar Government on a common platform in connection with the conclave.
As far as investment in the state through this meet is concerned, we can not deny some investment by IT companies, Educational trusts and societies, investors in Tourism and hotel Industries along with agro based industries in Bihar.
Many organizations including BiharBrains (www.biharbrains), bajana (www.bajana.org), IABJ, Dubai will ready to present model to Bihar in the field of education.
As the reports available, NRIs from UK will be interested in investing Health sector whereas many NRIs from US and other European countries will be interested in investing IT & Tourism sector particularly in hotel industry in the Buddhist circuit of Bihar.
Global meet do expect more participation from CEOs of India based companies who are also vital part of this meet. Locally, many companies including TATA, Mahindra, Ranbaxy and other IT players are sending their representatives to give their signals for the investment in the areas of pharmaceuticals, IT, Power and hotel industries .

Many govt officials will be sitting in the conference hall for any kind of help to the investors & they may approve instant projects in Bihar after discussion.

In this global meet, The Govt may decide to
1. Form special economic zone (SEZ) for Bihar.
2. Separate ministry for NRBs on the pattern of the Punjab, Gujarat, Goa and Kerala governments etc.
3. direct investment through Bihar Foundation trust(www.biharparishad.org ) established by Bihar govt which will be under DY CM of Bihar

These decisions will be helpful for the investors. NRIs now can directly take help from Bihar foundation trust for the investment in state.
As far as big investment in state through this global meet is concerned, that process has already started and will depend upon the commitment made by the govt in meet. In fact Govt has to sell itself in front of investors. Govt has to assure them for their full security and environment in the state.
Certainly this Global meet will be historic in view of uniting people from Industry of origin of Bihar to discuss on the development perspectives of the state and starting new ventor with major players and attendees of the global meet.
More than this they all will vow to work for building Bihar, a developed state in Indian union.


Bibhuti Bikramaditya,
Chairman BiharBrains(www.biharbrains.org
Overseas coordinator, Global Bihar Meet.
Daejeon, S korea



-----The End---------------------------

Patna Jan 20,2007: Article in Hindi on " Niweshak Bihar me Niwesh ke liye Kyon sochen" ("Why Investors should invest in Bihar")was published by noted Hindi Daily "Prabhat Khabar" on the occassion of First Global Bihar Meet ,2007 for which I was the overseas coordinator .

Monday, 9 July 2007


Patna Feb4,06 : Dainik Bhaskar udaipur (Rajasthan) Published news on BiharBrains on Feb 4-06. The same news daily published in all the editions of Dainik bhaskar in northern India. Thx to Sri Swayam Prakash for forming article on BiharBrains.

Patna March 30,06: Prabhat Khabar News on meeting with Hon'ble Minsiter of S&T,Govt of Bihar in a delegation of BiharBrains led by me to put the demand of IISER in Bihar .

Patna March 29,2006: News reports on local meet at Patna chapter and was decided to hold meeting in a dlegeation led by me with Hon'ble S&T minsiter Sri Anil Kumar at Technology Bhawan to discuss on Role of NRI for the development of Bihar and to put forth the demand of IISER in Bihar. This was the first step for putting demand of IISER in front of govt.

Patna Feb12,o6: News coverage on seminar on Embedded system which was delivered by me at Magadh Mahila college,Patna on the request of the College/dept officials.
In this seminar , large no of studnets from Magadh Mahila college, Science College and National Institute of Technology,Patna were participated and were given certificate of participation by BBSC,Patna

Patna Feb 10-16,2006 : News articles published in various news papers (Hindustan Times/Prabhat Khabar/Dainik Jagran,Patna) on Career counselling Porgram-06/Inaugural Function of Patna Resource Center at Patna science College

Patna Feb 8,9,10 : Article was published on VLSI Systems and Embedded system in Hindi Daily and Hindustantimes wrote Special Article on BiharBrains on FEB10-06

Patna Feb 6-7,2006: Article in Prabhat Khabar on my statement on VLSI System . I introduced VLSI in Bihar and Tried to let people learn these tools and technology.

Patna Feb4,2006: My Interview In prabhat Khabar in Bihar,Jharkhand and west Bengal. They published on the first Page of the news Daily on Feb 4,2006. Thx to Prabhat Khabar team.


Behtar Bihar Ke Liye : On BiharBrains
Published by Dainik Bhaskar in all over north India and Prabhat khabar at Patna, Ranchi and West Bengal on Feb 3,2006

Thanks to Sri Swayam Prakash jee for this article that helped people to know about BiharBrains . Special Thx to Him.

Sunday, 8 July 2007

Nitish Writes Letter to PM for IISER/NISER in Bihar
Patna: July 7, 2007
http://patnadaily.com/news2007/july/070707/nitish_to_pm_on_iiser.html

In a letter written to the Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh, Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar asked him to personally intervene on the matter of setting up of a National Institute of Science/Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) and National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER) in Bihar to maintain regional balance in the field of education.

"It can not be overemphasized that a Scientific Research and Development activities in any state facilitates overall improvement and development of skill, public services, and quality of life of the people.

The Govt. of Bihar is irrevocably committed to develop scientific awareness among its people by increasing the opportunities of Technical Education & Scientific research in the state in every possible manner," Kumar said in his letter dated June 27, 2007 as furnished by Bibhuti Bikramaditya, the founder of Biharbrains, an organization committed to promoting higher education in Bihar.

The state government was willing to extend all possible help and provide necessary infrastructural support for the opening of IISER and NISER, the Chief Minister wrote in his letter.
Hope for IIT/IISER/Central University in Bihar

In the recent development, the central govt has decided to increase no of IITs, central universities and IISER (Indian Institute of Science Education & Research) in India and Rs 1, 32,000 crore will be invested in setting up of 30 Centarl universities and three IITs, seven IIMs, 20 NITs, five Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) and Indian Institute of Information Technologies (IIITs) and two school of planning and architecture (SPA) during 2007-14. A centrally sponsored scheme or additional central assistance would be worked out to provide the finances. The Commission has envisages that 14 of the new CUs in different states will be of world class standards.
Referring to the link
http://www.financialexpress.com/fe_full_story.php?content_id=169343
This is really commendable effort taken by the central govt to improve S&T environment in India .

In this context Bihar is the fit case for all the institutions as Bihar doesn뭪 have any of the institutes and also major labs (out of over 250 odd institutes under the department like DAE, DOS, DBT, ICAR, CSIR, DRDO, DIT and department of health) in spite of the fact that Bihar produces large no of techies and scholars who has contributed and are contributing in all national and international fora. In view of population, Bihar has more than 8% of total population of the country, this position is absolutely outrageous.

If we go whole hog we find that these centers are located in cities of few states or in the metropolis which are totally embarrassing and fit case of regional imbalance and negative sidelining attitude by the center towards Bihar . In my view, Bihar should get fair share of 20 research centers (out of a total of above 250 such research centers across the country) or for that matter 12 national academic institutions (out of over 175 such institutions under various ministries

Though our local politicians of without vision are responsible for this disaster who never dares to put such demands in front of central govt seriously but in the same way central govt should also be held responsible for this disparity and gaining momentum of regional imbalance. ). If national leadership would have taken care for restoring parity to the state by allocating at least 40 of centrally funded autonomous institutions (out of total of over 433 as Per expenditure committee report 2004-05 or CAG report which states the number above 499 in year 1998-99 report), state would have been definitely be a much improved place for its denizens.

Anyway thanks to present govt for raising all those issues and getting support from all quarters. Now Bihar has started development process in all the fields, they have taken some steps also to improve standards of education and also to improve infrastructure of the state including law & order which were one of the most negative factors for not installing these institutions in the state. Now this reason should not be taken into account by central govt and politicians of the central govt.

Recently on the announcement by Hon뭕le HRD minister for three more IITs in Bihar, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh, Bihar Govt has given clearance for the space for IIT in Bihar and gave full support of the establishing this institute of high repute in Bihar. This is good step and should be appreciated by all.

Apart from IIT, to develop scientific environment in the state, the importance of IISER should be given more attention. In this scenario, recently on the basis of demand for an IISER in Bihar by BiharBrains since long, Bihar govt has written letter to Hon뭕le PM for the IISER in Bihar and has given very clear indication that Bihar we will provide land for IISER in Bihar in his letter to Hon뭕le PM Dr.Manmohan Singh. This is good initiative taken by Bihar govt.

Bihar doesn뭪 have central university, the movement for Making Patna University as Cenral University should be started by us and also the state govt should give more focus as this university deserves this status. In the recent statement given by Hon뭕le VC of Patna university, he claimed that situation in Patna university has improved , education environment has also changed ;many new professional courses has been started by this university in the recent past. Patna University in all the fields has contributed a lot. Hon뭕le VC Sri Samiadri claims that Patna University is the fit case for getting central university status and he takes it a challenge for getting it. This is great and he deserves appreciation for this.

Now ball is firmly in the court of the federal government. We hope at least one IIT, one IISER and one central university and few DST labs for the time being from the present central govt which is the need of the hour.
We have hope for the same .


Bibhuti Bikramaditya
Chairman, BiharBrains
www.biharbrains.org
Seoul, S.Korea
+82-10-6872-1733

Friday, 6 July 2007



Hats off people’s President

This article is devoted to non -other than our beloved Dr. APJ Kalam who made history by his vision of India 2020 and advocated action plan to develop India into “Knowledge super power “and into a “developed nation by 2020”; who made history as missile man of India and was brain child of Nag , Prithvi Akash, Trishul, Agni and several other projects being heads of around 50 R&D Institutes; who made India a nuclear power and was leader during Shakti-98; who gave mantra for educated politicians (unfortunately not approved by the parliament) to rule over the country; who when gave little smile, all children’s of India bestowed exhilarating love and the last but not the least he is who gave vision for the development of Bihar and stated that the development of Bihar leads to the development of the nation.
In his entire mission, I saw him very much clear to his points. Once he advocated policy of educated politicians. Though it was rejected as it was not suited to political circle of India for the well known reason but certainly his advocacy will start discussion among educated circle of India.
In his entire term, he worked for pioneering S&T in India, in his foreign tour too, he visited labs of the country and met scientists and professors. His extra ordinary love towards children was also admired by all countries where he visited. They all arranged special program in schools where he met with children.
In the implementation of his project ideas, sometimes he went out of the way too. The best example is Bihar. In Bihar, he visited two times and addressed joint session of parliament, gave full support to present Hon’ble CM of Bihar for the implementation of projects in Bihar, openly gave 10 points formula to develop Bihar by Power point presentation while inaugurating Global Bihar Meet, 2007. This was his unique style of functioning and we are proud in ourselves by the seeing the attitude of this high tech president. In recently concluded global Bihar Meet in Jan 19-21, 2007 at Patna, he gave a surprise by giving his confirmation by one simple mail from one of the organizer (there was no official mail from the govt).On the basis of that mail, he wrote to the state government and asked it to arrange his programme.That a President took cognizance of a casual letter so seriously and that too on such a short notice shows his interest in Bihar, the state with which he had no past record of association.
His mission and vision towards the development of Bihar will be always remembered particularly for two projects which he initiated 1. Revival of Nalanda University and 2. Establishment of IISER,, Indian Institute for Science Education & Research. He advocated for both of these institutes in Bihar in his entire visit to Bihar.
I am personally very happy to see the progress made for the revival of Nalanda University which has become now cynosure of all political and non political circle and landmark for building strong relation with china.This is welcome event that many Buddhist country have offered their contribution for the revival of the said university and more than that we praise Prof Amartya sen for taking responsibility of the university.
The development process of establishment of IISER is very slow as matter has already been raised by BiharBrains (http://www.biharbrains.org/bihar-brains-demand-NISC-IISER.php ) for which separate blog has been created in association with Dept of S&T ,Govt of Bihar. Please visit blog www.bbiiser.blogspot.com . Now the good news is that Dept of S&T, Bihar has taken now serious note of it and started work on it and joined hands with BiharBrains for the noble cause. This is to mention here that the establishment of IISER will bring R&D environment into track in Bihar. I do hope govt will pay more attention to this project too in the near future.
Anyway If Bihar got implemented both of these projects and become develop state of the nation in the long run, the contribution of Dr. Kalam will be remembered by respect and as messiah for Bihar.
Let me hats off towards noble work of this people’s president and expect words of praise from all section of the society.

Bibhuti Bikramaditya
Chairman, BiharBrains
www.biharbrains.org
Seoul, S. Korea
Scholarship for poor students

http://www.bihartimes.com/news07/March/2632.html


Patna March 21, 2007: BiharBrains Scholastic Center, BBSC, Patna) announces Special Talent Search program for the poor in the name of brave warrior of India, Late Sri Anil Kumar Singh, IPS who died in an encounter with six armed robbers in the Mumbai bound train at Patna last year on June 4,2006. In the moving train, on seeing helpless passengers being robbed, Late Singh, unarmed, confronted the robbers alone and in the process got shot. Risking his life, he held on to one of the robber till help arrived. He saved fellow passengers but could not save his own life.

Sri Anil Kumar Singh, DIG retired from IPS (Bihar Cadre) in 2002 after a highly decorated career. He was one of the most respected police officers of Bihar and was practicing as a lawyer in Patna High Court after his retirement, providing free legal help to the needy.
The scholarship in his memory will be awarded to the meritorious and needy poor children, studying in class 6th to 10th in Gov/Village schools of Bihar.

As per plan, three Students will be selected from each of the class on the basis of merit, demonstrated in a talent competition, to be held every year by Bihar Brains. Each of the 15 students will get scholarship of Rs 250 every month for a full year along with a prize of Rs.5000/- with a certificate to the best scorer of marks at Bihar School Examination Board.
The scholarship money to the tune of Rs.50000/-has been donated by Late Singh's son, Siddhartha.
Bihar's Deputy C.M Endorses BB Demand For IISER
http://www.bihartimes.com/news07/Jan/1011.htm


Patna 8th Jan. 2007: A four member delegation of BiharBrains met Sri Sushil Kumar Modi, Deputy Chief Minister ,Govt of Bihar today at 5.00 P.M. and presented the demand for establishment of Indian Institute of Science Education & Research (IISER) and discussed its various facets . The meeting lasted for about forty minutes. Mr. Modi was very positive in his approach and tried to understand the problems associated with science education and research in the state of Bihar and apathetic attitude of the centre.. He was also concerned with falling standards as well as dearth of good students in the higher education especially in the science/tech. field. He assured the delegation that as he had a scheduled meeting with Chief Minister on 9th Jan 2007, he would make it a point to raise the issues presented in the memorandum with him. The delegation stressed that it was high time for the state government to make it a point to strongly demand the IISER in our state as it would help in strengthening & raising the quality of science education in the state.

Though the BB is trying to meet the P.M. and the Union HRD Minister with the memorandum but they feel that unless the state govt. took the issue seriously at the central level it would be a difficult proposition. Mr. Modi opined that the state's student's performance level was still higher than most of the states in Joint entrance or other services examination.
The honourable Minister also invited the BiharBrains' local representatives to the Global Meet of NRI and planners being held at Patna on Jan 19-21 ,2007.


The members of the delegation were Prof. Jagannath Thakur , Former Vice Chancellor , Patna University & Head , Physics Deptt. , P.U., Prof. B.K. Sharma , Head, Electronics Deptt. , N.I. T. , Patna , Prof. S.P. Verma, Former Head , Physics Deptt. , Science College and Mr. Vijay Sharan, Office Exec. BiharBrains.

Demand for establishment of IISER in Bihar

http://www.bihartimes.com/news06/Dec/20124.html


A delegation of BiharBrains met Dr. Anil Kumar , Minister of State - Independent Charge (S&T), Govt. of Bihar and presented the demand for the establishment of Indian Institute of Science Education and Research [IISER] in the State. A detailed draft was presented and discussed with the minister. The hon’ble Minister had appreciated the efforts of the BiharBrains and assured the delegation that he will be taking up the proposal to the C.M. and Govt. of India for establishment of IISER in Bihar.

It has been agreed upon by the hon’ble Minister that state will provide the land for building infrastructure if the proposal gets approved by the Govt. of India in the same way as it was done recently for the NIFT. The BB will be informed about the developments in due course of time.






A Delegation of of BiharBrains led by Dr. SP Verma (fourth from left) submitting Memorandum for the demand of IISER in Bihar at Technology Bhawan to Dr. Anil Kumar(second from left) , Hon'ble Minister for Science & Technology ,Govt of Bihar (Independent charge)

The details about IISER can be seen on website of BiharBrains on the link http://www.biharbrains.org/bihar-brains-demand-NISC-IISER.php
SciTechFest 2007 from Nov 23-25
http://www.bihartimes.com/news07/May/20511.html


A state level three days SciTech festival would be organized from 23rd to 25th Nov at Patna by 'Bihar brains'- an organisation of intellectuals from Bihar. The chairman of this organization, Bibhuti Bikramaditya announced the details of this meet in a recently held get together.

While delivering key note address, Sri Ajay Thakur, Commissioner cum Secretary of the department of Science and Technology emphasized the need for revamping the technical education in Bihar with the help of civil society organisations. He announced that Bihar Govt. is in the process of establishing Knowledge Park with the help of ICICI bank and other investors. He also put his point for the formation of Technology vision group under PPP (Private partnership Program) in which private agencies will be invited for the establishment of Technical institutions in Bihar.


He also announced that Bihar Govt is now seriously taking up the matter of the establishment of IISER (Indian Institute for Science Education & Research) in Bihar for which BiharBrains started a campaign. He appreciated BiharBrains for this Herculean task.
It was also decided in the meeting to organise three days' State level SciTech Fest 2007 from Nov 23-25, 2007 in which 100 local researchers from graduate level to Research Level would present their projects and about hundred private companies would be invited to install their stalls

BiharBrains is also going to start Late Anil Kumar Singh Yojna for needy talent in Gaya district of Bihar. As per this scheme, 15 students of class six would be selected through dist. level test examination and would be given Rs 250/- per month scholarship till the completion of their matriculation (Class 10th). This scheme will be launched in Gaya on June 4, 2007 on the occasion of the death anniversary of Anil Kumar Singh and scholarship would be awarded on Nov 10, 2007 (on the occasion of his birth anniversary). This was decided in the presence of Manju Singh, wife of Late Slain DIG who died while fighting bravely with criminals in a train at Rajendra Nagar Terminal, Patna, a year ago.


In this meet, Prof S.P Verma (EX-HOD ,Physics, Patna Science College), Dr. Dolly Sinha (HOD, Physics & Computer Science , Magadh Mahila College, Patna), Dr. B.K.Sharma (HOD,Electronics, NIT,Patna), Prof Santosh Kumar (EX-HOD CWRS,NIT,Patna), Prof Bharti S.Kumar , Dept of History ,Patna University) Amalendu Narayan Sinha, former editor, Hindustan times, Ajay Kumar,editor, BiharTimes were also present
Bibhuti Bikramaditya elected President of IAD
http://www.bihartimes.com/news07/March/731.html


(Daejeon, S Korea)March 4:The Indians living in Daejeon City of Korea gathered for the re-organization of Indian Association in Daejeon (IAD), South Korea. Bibhuti Bikramaditya, a cabinet member of IAD was elected unanimously as President of IAD. His name was proposed by outgoing president Dr. S.G.T Bhatt, a visiting Senior Scientist of Korea Institute of Energy Research, KIER and retired Vice president (R&D) of IPCL (Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Limited, India).
Bibhuti Bikramaditya is the third President of IAD and the first from Bihar in any South Korea organization.

Bibhuti Bikramaditya is also the chairman of Bihar Brains which is an organization of Biharis living in India and abroad having concern for the development of the state.

A post graduate from Dept of Physics, Patna University, Bibhuti is a chip design architect working for South Korea based company in the Daejeon city of Korea.
BiharBrains' call toindustrialists


Shri Bibhuti Bikramaditya, Chairman, Bihar brains(www.biharbrains.org) and overseas coordinator of NRI meet to be held in Bihar was in Patna today and apart from holding the meeting of the local chapter, he addressed the pressmen at hotel Rajasthan in an exclusive interview. He informed that as an overseas coordinator he was in regular contact with various NRI groups located in different cities of the world and a good number of them are visiting Patna to attend the NRI -meeting focused on development of Bihar but looking at profiles of the sons of the soil the number of industrialists expected to participate in is still not satisfactory. Therefore it is urgent that NRI-industrialists of Bihar occupying key positions in the International Economy or manufacturing sector should be mobilized to come, share their perceptions/views and add their bit in the developmental efforts of the state of Bihar. He met the organizers at Bihar Chamber of Commerce and had a input sharing session.
The Global meet is scheduled to be held on 19-21 Jan, 2007 at S.K. Memorial Hall , Patna, the capital city of Bihar state. Meanwhile BB- Scholastic Centre, Patna has organized a week long programme with the chairman as the key-resource person.
Sri Bikramaditya conducted seminar at NIT, Patna on "Chip Design Trends and prospects in India".


He will be visiting Sitamadhi and will conduct meetings/activities with some rural schools at Janipur village.
Earlier in the day, a local chapter meeting was held attended by Prof. J. Thakur. Former V.C. Patna Univ, Dr. B.K. Sharma, HOD, Electronics, NIT, Patna, Sri Amalendu N. Sinha, Ex. Editor Hindustan Times, Sri Shakil Kakvi of Kainat International , Qatar , Sri R. Kishore(an innovator in Food Products), Prof. S.P. Singh, Principal , College of Commerce, Magadh Univ, Dr. Amarendra Narayan, Physics Deptt. ,P.U., Prof. S.P. Verma, President , Science For Society, Bihar and a few others.
The deliberations included a brief presentation of activities of Biharbrains by Mr. Bikramaditya and possible strategies for pressurizing the state and central governments for taking up establishment of Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) in Bihar.
It may be noted that BiharBrains has earlier submitted a demand in the form of a proposal to the Minister, Sc. and Technology , GOB and is going to present the demand to the C.M., Deputy C.M. and Union HRD Ministry and Prime Minister of India in the coming week


Political Apathy Reason for no IISER in Bihar
by Rajkishore Prasad

Nov. 28, 2006

http://www.patnadaily.com/readerswrite/2006/nov/rajkishore_prasad.html



On various occasions, our Hon'ble PM has been speaking on the need of strengthening the status of science education and research in country. Very recently, on Oct. 6, 2006, while speaking at the Platinum Jubilee Celebrations of the National Academy of Sciences, Hon'ble PM again remarked the missing link of research and teaching in science. It will be not out of place to place here our concerns for the downhill journey of science education and research and crying needs of its excellent status for making India a knowledge power

"I draw your attention to this fact because we do see today a disconnect between research and teaching in the sciences. Research has increasingly been concentrated in specialized institutes. The university system is unable to mobilize adequate financial and intellectual resources in support of creative research and development effort. The resulting divorce between teaching and research hampers the growth of the spirit of inquisitiveness and enquiry among students coming out of our universities. We need teachers who will inspire their students by operating on the frontiers of knowledge. Then alone can we realize the full creative potential of our students. I have spoken often, in recent months, about my concerns in this regard. It is my sincere intention to once again restore this link between research and teaching in our universities, especially in the frontier areas of knowledge."

These statements are enough to imbue the concerns of Hon'ble PM to pave the status of science education and research as it is a realized fact that our economic and social growths are highly dependent on our ability to explore area of science and technology (S&T). The whole nation is lacking in S&T skilled human resources with greater crisis of experts in scientific areas. However, such problem is not new, merely, decade's long story. One of the root causes of such chronic problem is sustained dereliction of science education systems by the state and central government that led to such a soft misery.

In the last six months current central government made a history by opening three IISERs (Indian Institute of Science for Education and Research) at Pune, Kolkata and Chandigarh and one NISER (National Institute of Science Education and Research) in Orissa. This shows determination of the government to vitalize higher studies and research in science. Such waves for science education were first seen in 60s and 70s that gave birth of many institutes. However, only three IISERs across the country are like a small drop in the ocean. What we need in India is at least one IISER in every state. The lack of institutes make devoid of opportunity to our young aspirants. Due to lack of institutes selection test or admission tests conducted for limited number of seats in limited number of institutes become an arm for rejection. Candidatures of students are not rejected for merit but due to limited opportunity. If one examines the status of Bihar and its need for such institutes, one can easily say that top priority should be given to Bihar while establishing such institutes in the light of concerns of central government to even the prevailed disparities. In this regard, following points are considerable:

1. Bihar is deserted of National Educational Institutes: In the name of national institute, Bihar has a National Institute of Technology that is in its infancy. It is a well known fact that in Bihar there is not a single institution like Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Research laboratories of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Laboratory of Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Central University or other institutes of national and international reputes.

2. Bihar needs R&D in locality: The sorrow points with existing educational institutes in Bihar are that their research and development activities are either paralyzed or dead. Now Govt. of India has established Knowledge Commission but with what Bihar will join such avenues for national and global race? How a Bihari can contribute in it and take benefit from it? Without research and quality education, how one can think to grow, develop and become prosperous? One may argue that institutes like IIT, IIIT, NIS, IISC, IIM, ISI are accepting students on merit from all over India, and then it does not mean anything wrong if it is situated in Bihar or out of Bihar. In the wide sense, it is acceptable and if a Bihari student comes on merit he/she can get admission, but local benefits will be totally absent. Local benefits of big institutes are numerous and important. The existence of educational institutes of repute in proximity increases awareness among people for the quality education. It works as node for interaction and transmissions of knowledge among aspirants, teachers, and local people. It procures lot of benefits to employed faculties of nearest colleges and universities. The chances of getting higher education and training for faculty members of other local colleges, universities will increase. This will improve their quality and capacity, which will be further beneficial for the students getting education under them. Lot of employed teachers in different universities of Bihar do not move for training program and Quality Improvement Program (QIP) because such facilities are available in the reputed institutes and are far from their working place. The existence of big institutes also improves inclination for research among employed faculties. At present research orientation among college or university teachers in Bihar is very less. If some teachers are active in research, it is painful for them to get research materials. For that, they need to see some institutes in other places like Varanasi, Allahabad, Delhi, Kolkata which are not near. Rushing to these institutes takes time, handsome amount of money and will-power which can not be naturally expected from all the research aspirants. The result of such difficulties is that very few faculty members dare to do research and thus fail to improve themselves and one can not expect quality teaching from them. Under such circumstances, teachers have to rely on their own experience of knowledge which in turn compels teaching to run under the strategy of chalk-talk-rote-routine which is never good in university education. Availability of big institution in locality can tackle these problems and inspire or open eyes of both the teachers and learners.

3. Big institutes accelerate industrialization in the locality: Big institutes attract industries. It can be observed in all places where big institutes are situated. The relation between companies and big institutes of S&T is like that of bee and flower. Companies always like to open their branches near such institutes for technical collaboration. So establishment of big educational and research institute is an open invitation for companies resulting in new job openings as well as local developments.

4. It will help in stopping brain drain (internal and external): The existence of big institute can stop brain drain which is essential for the developing Bihar. Of course, many Biharis are getting higher educations and are doing well in different areas of scientific research, medical, engineering etc. Such people also aspire to live in Bihar and have a plan to do something for their birth state. But there is no place to keep them in Bihar. Big institutions act like a magnet that can keep learned people of the society in the society. Lacking of this, Bihar is depleted of its own skilled human resources as well as of their contributions.

5. Establishment of NISc/IISER in Bihar will be a step to reduce regional imbalance and increase funding to Bihar: There is a great regional imbalance in the distribution of national institutes and national funds available for education to different sates. Bihar is one of the most neglected states. Since independence, there have been developments of many institutes in the southern India in comparison to northern part and they are more or less uniformly distributed. The zone wise distribution of national institutes of reputes is not even.

In one of the analysis done for distribution of central funds for higher education (technical), based on data of 2005-06, it has been shown that Bihar is the least fund fetching state. It is amazing to know that while Central Government spends Rs. 100 per person in Delhi, it spends Rs. 59.5190 in Uttaranchal, Rs. 59.2818 in Arunachal Pradesh, Rs. 43.8686 in Assam, Rs.19.0718 in Himachal Pradesh, Rs. 15.8650 in West Bengal, Rs. 14.1825 in Karnataka, Rs. 10.0440 in Tamil Nadu, Rs. 9.6488 in Maharashtra, Rs. 9.6432 in Uttar Pradesh, Rs. 9.1463 in Jharkhand, Rs. 9.0617 in Andhra Pradesh, Rs. 8.1865 in J&K, Rs. 7.5542 in Punjab, Rs. 4.81 in Haryana, Rs.4.46 in Kerala, Rs. 4.17 in Chhattisgarh, Rs. 2.7 in Gujarat, Rs. 2,29 in Orissa, Rs. 1.46 in Rajasthan, Rs. 1.05 in Bihar (Data 2005-2006) for the technical education. The single cause of such uneven distribution of central fund is highly biased distribution of central institutes across the country. Such imbalance in distribution of Central funds for education can not be described as good sign for the development and integrity of India. However, this point has been noticed by our Hon'ble PM who made public speech concerning this.

In his speech on 'India Science Report' of the National Council of Applied Economic Research on Sept. 30, 2005, Hon'ble PM has shown his deep concern over such regional imbalance which can be imbued from his speech as under:

"Yet, we still have the skeptics, the worriers, and the critics. Some have genuine concerns about change; others continue to be prisoners of the past. Today, when I look back, I am even more convinced that I was correct to observe in my first budget speech in 1991 that the idea of the emergence of India as a front ranking economic powerhouse of the world economy was an idea whose time had indeed come. I had then added, quoting Victor Hugo that no power on earth can stop an idea whose time had come. I must amend that to say that if there is any power that can still stop this idea of a resurgent India, it is ourselves. I believe that there are no external constraints now to India's growth and whatever constraints are there, are internal; constraints imposed by our polity, our social structures, our regional imbalances, our ability to handle inequity, and our ability to take hard, but essential decisions."

6. It is a big political decision: Establishment of NISc/ IISER in Bihar will be a big political decision. In the eye of central government, present educational environment of Bihar is not conducive for the establishment of such institutes. Also, neighboring states are in race for getting NISc/IISER. Unfortunately, our political figures from state are not entertaining the matter. In the light of decision of Central Govt. to promote science education and research people of Bihar should come ahead to make a successful consensus on the issue. The most important point to note here is that none of the political party alone can bring IISER like institute in Bihar. What we need is consensus of political system of the state on this issue. At present, there are many ministers in the central government and if our political system of Bihar become attentive on the issue and tuned together establishment of the IISER in Bihar will be easier. Hope Bihar Govt will take serious steps to bring an IISER in Bihar.

7. Hon'ble President's vision for Bihar: On March 28, 2006, while addressing joint session of legislatives of Bihar and also Bihar Chamber of Commerce, Hon'ble president emphasized the matter of establishment of IISER in Bihar in his 10-points prescription for the development of Bihar

8. Bihar comes under BIMARU state in India Science Report: Bihar shares higher percentage of non-scientific and technical workforce of the country. In the India Science Report Bihar comes under BIMARU group of states and keeps 8.9% of non scientific and non-technical workforce of the country. As per India Science Report 2005, the number of Bihari students migrating to other states for the higher studies in science may be somewhere less than 0.6%. This happens due to imbalance in distribution of such institutes.

Getting higher education outside is costlier and every aspirant cannot afford it despite his/her will to continue higher education in science. Such migration of student also leads to the development of infrastructure to states where they study. The establishment of such institute will increase percentage of students from Bihar seeking higher education in science. The unavailability of institutes like IISER of higher education and research also forbid students from other parts of the country to immigrate here for education. This dispels Bihar from national and international educational streams and state remains known for its ugly faces to the rest the country.

These reasons are enough to justify establishment of IISER /NISc/NISER in Bihar. Consistent negligence by government put our education system on downhill journey which is still in continuation. Amazingly ,It has been argued by many policy makers that Bihar does not deserves for institute likes IISER/NISER on the ground of downhill journey of our higher education system. Opinion like this was of our hon'ble S&T minister when I asked for establishment of IISER in Bihar, however he also opined that Bihar should get an IIISER. We accept that our higher education system is on the downhill journey but when we introspect to find out why, the root causes become ignorance, deprived of opportunities to develop, allocation of central funds on our education etc.

Despite such persistent ignorance academics from Bihar has made great success in many fields. The teaching of science is being done in the local universities but research is partially absent. Research requires resources which are not available. So denial of IISER/NISER like institutes on the basis of our poor research and education condition is totally baseless and is like an old well-known saying in Hindi: Suta na Kapas aur Julaha se Latha Lathi.

Based on such observations Bihar must get an NISc/IISER. Educational history of Bihar is not bad. Bihar has produced many international figures in the area of scientific research. It had global study center in the deep past. It is matter of grave concerns that Bihar went unnoticed for its berth for IISER/NISER in the first phase despite there are several union ministers from Bihar in very important and powerful portfolio including MHRD. Further, the amazing face of the political frigidity of statesmen from the state is that till today no stronger political support has been gained for the same. Nothing can be better indicator than this for vision-lacked politics for the state. Hon'ble President while addressing joint session of our legislators made very honest effort to induce vision for development among our cream politicians in March 2006.

Recent announcements by Hon'ble union minister for state A. Fatami to open an Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) and crowning a state run university with central cap is an auspicious sign and is being welcomed by every Bihari people. It will fulfill our long pending demand; however, matter of IISER/NISER is still lacking serious attentions of political system from the sate. Very recently, the scientific advisory council to the PM has recommended opening of three more IISERs, in addition to the existing three, across the country. However, locations of IISERs in waiting have to be decided by the government and hence a big political issue. Under such circumstances only political system can help the sate and if activated can easily snatch from centre. I hope some miracle will happen to bring consensus on the issue among statesmen from the state.



Comments:
According to a report published in the Times of India; between 1980 to 2000, the number of scientific papers from India, indexed in the Science Citation Index, fell from 14,987 to 12,127. But China grew from 924 to 22,061. It has now been universally accepted that a rot has set in terms of interest in science, investment, institutes, number of scientists, scientific papers and their quality showing declining trends in Indian science. In early 1970s, the decline in the university system began - with research shifting to specialized institutes, and the lack of support systems to match the changing face of science, are the obvious reasons for the decline. Amitav Ranjan/Shiv Aroor recently investigated what went wrong with the DRDO and they termed DRDO as "Delayed Research and Derailed Organization". This shows a complete lack of enthusiasm across India.

According to Prof C. N. R. Rao - “There should be at least 100 world class universities in India itself.” “Judicious employment of people, making science more attractive monetarily and a pride in doing research for the country are crucial ingredients for growth of science in India.” To keep pace with the developed world, India has to step up the number of research and development workers by a factor of 12 and to increase scientific effort by 50-fold.” Government of India has realized the need of science and development. Setting up a NISc and IISER are the efforts in this direction. In Bihar, even today 100 years old laboratory experiments are being carried out for B.Sc and M.Sc classes, because there was/is no support from Government of Bihar as compared to West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and others. I strongly agree with Raj Kishore that there needs a big political decision. We all know that Prafulla Kumar Mohanta, the ex-CM of Assam signed accord with then PM (Late) Shri Rajiv Gandhi to open an IIT in Assam after a famous Assam students’ movement. Now IIT Guwahati has started catering to the local needs, has started creating awareness amongst local young talents. 5-10 years down the line, Guwahati will definitely have an advantage of being a place for highly skilled professionals. Such types of institutes (IIT, IIM, IISER etc.) in Bihar may help and provide a big leap in the area of highly skilled workers, which may lend support to entrepreneurship as well. More over, these institutes will provide logistic support to IT, agro-based and various service sectors. Stronger science and technology capacity in country like India and a state like Bihar is not a luxury now but an absolute necessity to participate in the world's fast forming, knowledge-based economy. We should proliferate with such words to our young talents at school level in order to tap our best resources in right direction.

NEGATIVE SIDE: UP, Uttaranchal, and Delhi have lots of good universities, IIT Kanpur, IIT Delhi, IIT Roorkee and various CSIR labs but one can hardly find students from UP, Bihar and Uttaranchal pursuing research (PhD). The reason is there is no motivation from our society, especially in Bihar. “Lack of awareness” and “early settlement in the life” compels many more to leave science in lurch and pursue their lives in other service sectors. Without creating an atmosphere for promotion of science, it won’t help much. Ministry of science and Technology should come forward, form a core team, and then organize scientific seminars in a few select schools/colleges of Bihar. These activities will certainly yield results in coming years. - Dr. Sudhir Ranjan - Nov. 29, 2006
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Let me first put my appreciation for the learned author for timely initiating the issues that Bihar should put in action. Fighting simply in the name of social justice for political ends has done enough harm to Bihar when compared to the growth potential and its needed development. One and all Biharis should support with full motivation. Given the option Biharis from lower middle economic stream can be benefited. A request to all Biharis spread over almost all country's of the world may solve the economic chapter. PatnaDaily should create a platform. - Khagendra Chandra Das - Nov. 29, 2006


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Recently, West Bengal Chief Minister Buddhadeo Bhattacharya spoke with BCCI chairman Sharad Pawar for Saurav Ganguli's inclusion in the Indian team. Earlier, during Champions Trophy matches, ministers from West Bengal made street protest as Eden Garden was excluded from the scheduled venues. It is a true example of team work revealed by WB ministers for the issues, no matter how much small, so far it benefits their motherland. This is called positive push ups.

The ministers from Bihar known for pushing up idiotic issues like better infrastructure for Shahabuddin in jail and inclusion of tainted politicians such as Jai Prakash Yadav in Cabinet ministry. The man, Mr. George Fernandes, who pushed for Ordinance Factory in Bihar and raised the voice for setting up an IIT in Muzaffarpur, is now kicked off by his best friend, egoist CM Nitish Kumar. Another firebrand Cabinet Minister, who has capacity to move things upside down, Mr. Ram Vilas Paswan is busy pushing up the issues like Muslim CM and cast-based reservations.

Now the hope only lives with Non-Biharis to improve the fate of Bihar. I am referring to the offer made by Singapore and Japanese govt. to build up world class university in Nalanda. Let's hope for similar offer from UN, US, and rest of the world and then students from Bihar will inhale a sigh of relief and breathe with pride in their motherland. - Tarakeswar Dubey - Nov. 29, 2006


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It's a nice article by Dr. Rajkishore Prasad and I appreciate his concerns to raise this issue on PD.

This is to inform you all PD readers and writers that BiharBrains (www.biharbrains.org) have already started initial talks with the government for the demand of IISER in Bihar.

On the basis of talks with S&T minister, Bihar, in a delegation of BiharBrains on March 30, 2006, we formed a 51-member committee (32 from Bihar and 19 from different parts of India and abroad) of which Dr. Rajkishore Prasad, Dr. Sudhir Ranjan, VCs, ex-VCs of Bihar, many academicians, scientists, people from media are members. Core committee has submitted its report to BiharBrains and BiharBrains is now going to submit before the government on Dec 12, 2006 .

Talks have also been initiated with top officials (CM/DY CM) in Bihar and central ministers (HRD).

All PD readers are requested to contribute whatever they can for bringing IISER in Bihar.

Details for this and Efforts taken by BiharBrains has been givrn on website http://www.biharbrains.org/bihar-brains-demand-NISC-IISER.php

Certainly there is a political apathy for not a single research institutes in Bihar.

Now we have hopes from the new government in Bihar to take up the issue and talk to central leadership.

We will be acting like catalysts and will be giving pressure to all political parties, particularly those from Bihar, to bring IISER in the state.

I do request all Bihar-based academicians, NRIs, scientists to contribute for the same. - Bibhuti Bikramaditya, Chairman, BiharBrains, Daeejon, S Korea - Nov. 30, 2006


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Extremely powerful idea to have centers of excellence that will eventually lead to generate social capital. Though the efforts to realize the vision to have such centers of excellence are in the process, can we enlarge our vision for education in Bihar? How best can we connect primary, secondary and higher education? Some strategic thinking- strategic planning and then advocating for the ideas which will help break the vicious cycle that the state of Bihar seems to be gripped in? - Manoj Kumar Lall - Dec. 15, 2006
Agenda for Growth
by D N Mishra

Feb. 7, 2007
http://www.patnadaily.com/readerswrite/2007/feb/dnmishra1.html


Achieving sustainable and long term economic growth through a eight step process.

0. God Governance: Institutionalization of efficient & effective governance through structural changes & induced autonomy in the various establishments. Re-establishing meritocracy and building the environment for excellence in administration.

I can make out from the emerging pattern & methods in the chief ministers initiative as this to be already the case. Anyway, prime responsibility for this lies in hand of state government.

1. Increase Urbanization: Working to the plan instead of stepping everywhere. State ought to decide how much people it wants to be dependent on rural economy and what % it would it like to move to urban growth centre. We will have to remember that our rural economy is a fine case of underemployment and also incidences of hidden unemployment are quite common. In my opinion state need to achieve 60-40 ratio by 2015 to optimize its developmental process. We need to conceptualize and develop six or seven mega cities of over 40 lac population in the state. We will have to ensure planned development of these cities; JNNURM should be taken optimum advantage of in this process.

However, in building these mega cities state will have to plan among other things as to what will drive the economy of the cities. Cities will have to be developed alongside the industrial clusters, befitting their competitive strength.

State will have to plan all these angles about mega cities, central government need to put them under JNNURM to support in developing the urban amenities.

2. Revive Rural Economy: Rural economy needs to be energized through cooperatives like COMFED in the other segments of “Potentially Rural Productivity” including in agro-processing, food processing, and animal husbandry and so on, with liberal dose of upstream corporate retailing linkages involving Bharti, Reliance, Tata & Birlas. State should take initiative to bring home contract farming, contract food processing / animal products processing and contract agro processing in association with these corporate groups.

3. Build Financial Infrastructure: As far the basic ingredients for economy goes state has advantage of land ( raw material) and labor (though skill enhancement is definitely needed) but lacks in Capital, Management & Entrepreneurs. It is not a hidden secret that Bihar lacks in home grown Capital Market & Financial Infrastructure. Market outside is plagued by many stereotypes about the state putting it at the disadvantage. Creation of homegrown financial market is a pre-requisite for development of the state. Ready access to capital market, awareness & understanding of capital market is very much adds in availing the capital so badly needed for industrial development.

Though an initiative has to be taken by state, but only the central government will have to take most of the actions here. Other places have just benefited from policy of central government, raj’s legacy and central largesse.

Some of the financial market Apex (Regulatory) Bodies, and also a few PSU’s, need to be headquartered in the state. May be state can ask Pension Fund Regulatory Authority to be located in State. Advent of the apex body itself will make it mandatory for all the governed entities to set up a shop in the state.

Building a culture of “Financial Excellence” is simply an imperative.

4. Institutions as Growth Drivers: Setting up of “Centre of Excellences” in Higher Education, Specialized Education Centers (as under various ministries at centre other than the ones under HRD) Technical Education, Research, and Vocational Institutes & Training Centers. This institution acts as the nucleus for “Economic Capability Building” and results in a definite competitive advantage in knowledge economy.

If we go by what has happened elsewhere, these “Center of Excellences” has been set up by central government only. State has got a short shrift in allocation of these assets. Regional Interest active at central level did never thought of building India. People at the helm of affairs were busy building there own native states. Bihar & UP lost out as they lulled themselves in the belief of being one India.

Though state can go ahead and create these institutions and it should be doing so, It should also fight for its right till the skewed situation in rectified in states favour. Under the garb of military principle of strategic depth, national asset can not be made repository of southern region. Bureaucrats & Ministers from heartland so get all those policies which militates against these states shelved, be it freight equalization, or the current policy of taking infrastructure development to the developed areas. Developed areas should sustain themselves through user charges & private investment. Public Investment should go to underdeveloped region.

State can not afford to loose out its elite through brain drain. Large Scale Migration warrants charges of criminal negligence of Eastern UP & Bihar. If central government does not proceed to rectify the situation, it should be prosecuted on this count.

5. Building Backbone Infrastructure: It is pity that state is being accorded the lowest priority under NHDP and also the GAIL Gas Grid has not been extended to the state even after a lapse of two decades, when it was brought to Jagdishpur in UP.

It is de-facto heartland of the nation still the infrastructure veins has always tried to bypassed the state completely excepting only where there is no alternative to passing through it because of geo-location advantage of being at the national cross road.

Inland Waterways, River Flow Control are other area asking for attention and have a great economic potential. Though center has initiated dredging of Palk Straight under controversial sethu-samundram project, it has not bothered to develop the national waterways across Gnga and its tributaries which can accrue immense benefit to the heartland.

Obviously, a major role in infrastructure development has to be played by centre. State will have to ensure that it gets it dues. Of course, in addition state will also have to play its own role in infrastructure development.

6. Seeding the Industrial Growth: Pattern & methods of Industrial Growth across country indicates the role played by Central PSU’s all over. Private sector has joined the bandwagon latter on. State PSUs have hardly ever been unable to provide this seeding effect anywhere. Seeding a Central PSU is also required to demonstrate suitability of location/infrastructure for an industry. Moreover many PSU’s has been able to create multiplier effect on the local economy. Since pvt sector is not going to be in any hurry to help the state out of this morass of underdevelopment central PSU need to step in to seed the industrialization in selected places in the state depending on the state governments plan.

7. Creating a Bandwagon Effect through Industrial Clusters: State and Central PSUs and the willing Private Sector Majors can come together to set up there units as part of an Industrial Cluster so as to create the “Critical Mass” for self propagation of industrialization of the cluster. This will happen because setting up of many other ancillaries, upstream and downstream businesses and industries will become viable once this critical mass is reached.

Setting up a wheel factory at one place, ordnance factory at another place and locomotive factory at a third place is not an ideal thing to do as such. In this we have lost out the advantage of creating the critical mass & subsequent bandwagon. Else it would have attracted toll manufactures, steel mills forging units and likes (depending on commonality of requirements) also in the vicinity.

State can think of dividing state in 8 Industrial Zones for its all round development.

Patna and around : Finance, Trade & Commerce, Entertainment & Media, Tourism, Healthcare, Consumer Durables, Consumer Non Durables, ICT etc.

Muzaffarpur and around: Agro & Food Processing and Allied Industry

Gaya and around: Tourism, Cement, Stone Slabs, Prefab Structure, Power Plants other Mineral Based Industry.

Barauni and around: PCPIR ( as planned by central government) (petroleum, chemical, petrochemical integrate complex including upstream & downstream industry),

Bhagalpur and around: Textile, Handloom & Handicraft, Gems & Jewelry, Furniture & Artifacts

Katihar & around: Jute, Leather and allied products, animal products, fisheries, poultry and so on.

Darbhanga & around: Higher Education, (Armed forces, Police, CPFs) Training & High End Research Labs specially in biotechnology, nanotechnology, communication technology and so on.

Munger & around: Electrical & Mechanical Hardware Industry, Heavy Industry and so on.



Comments:
Excellent analysis

It brings the strategic advantages of the various regions of Bihar very well. - Thakur Vikas Sinha, Powai, Mumbai - Feb. 8, 2007
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Wow! Great job Mishra Jee. You are a GURU.

There are several growth factors you have define here the way it should be. I liked the way you have created the industrial zones. That's the way to 'Go'.

Although Mr. Nitish/Mr Modi and their team might already have a good number of smart planners and administrators, still I hope they read your project plan on PD. - Naren Singh, India/USA - Feb. 8, 2007


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The article written by Dr. Mishra jee is well written . He deserves appreciation for this.

In addition to all his points following are my suggestions region wise industry

A. Patna : IT and R&D Companies, Dairy Technology Patna can be the city of education and higher learning along with center for R&D. In Dairy Technology, Patna and Muzaffarpur are the best. Patna Dairy project and Muzaffarpur Dairy Project are the only industries in Bihar which has excellent track record in terms of profits.

B. Tirhut Region:

1. Vaishali Region/Muzaffarpur Region: Tourism and Manufacturing Industries /Development of Electronic city in Hajipur as it was shifted from Hajipur. The area from Patna to via Hajipur Muzaffarpur will be good for the investment in Education, Manufacturing industries and food processing. In fruits: Litchi, Banana, Mango export industries should be established for which both cities are famous.

2. Sitamarhi: Sitamarhi can be the best destination for tourism. This is the birth place of Hindu Goddess Sita. This district is also good in Sugar Industry (Riga Sugar Factory, near Sitamarhi is well known). In Litchi production, Sitamarhi is second best after Muzaffarpur.

C. Mithila Region:

1. Darbhanga: Good for tourism too (forts of Darbhanga Kingdom). This region can be developed as good place for floriculture and horticulture. Pan, Makhana and Machhali (fish) are three important things for the people in Mithila. Yes, Darbhanga can be city of education.

2. Madhubani: Famous for Mithila paintings in all over the world. It needs to be spread to all villages of Mithila and other districts of Bihar as one of the industries. Presently only few village women are working.

3. Samastipur: Famous for Khaini (Tambaku)

These are some of the suggestions for the government. - Bibhuti Bikramaditya, Daejeon, S. Korea - Feb. 8, 2007--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Wow, kya article hai. Mishraji aap ko to Planning Commission mein hona chaahiye tha.

Seriously, if people who are doing planning for development had this kind of thought we would've done better for sure. We all know that Bihar as a State has lots of untapped potential but it's never been planned to tap those untapped potentials.

The specialized industrial zones is the way to go. This way we can leverage on the strength of each region in Bihar and make them self sufficient and powerful. When this happens I am sure it will stop the labor migration upto a greater extent. When (not if) that happens the other states who call us BIMARU will realize the importance of Bihari work force. - Samir Kumar Mishra, Brisbane, Australia - Feb. 8, 2007


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What is most urgently required is to reduction of rural population and that can only be achieved by the process of urbanization. In comparison to Bihar’s population, meager number of rural population has migrated to different urban centers in Bihar and in other states. Lack of this process has led to violence in rural areas over the years due to continually decreasing agriculture land. Fall out at Singur and Nandigram in West Bengal (a center for rural economy engine), whatever the other reasons, is due to late admittance to urbanization process.

The real meaning of urbanization is to rich or marginal farmers settling down in cities. Their links to the land must be severed and they should become an integral part of urban communities.

As wisely suggested by D N Mishra, what we need now to identify strategic urban centers. This will allow entrepreneurial people with relatively good educational backgrounds to launch their own businesses or become high-caliber professionals in various sectors, where the growing population will be dependent upon its "hinterlands" to provide it with food and its product. This will certainly boost economy of our agricultural society. Eventually, there may emerge a large number of prosperous small towns in rural areas, which will demonstrate the progress of Bihar's urbanization process.

In today’s world, cities are the virtual face of development. A rational pattern exemplifying city construction of different sizes should be sought with the tag of special economic zone. If not SEZ, but a kind of SEZ is urgently needed in Bihar that too in a phased manner. - Dr. Sudhir Ranjan, USA - Feb. 8, 2007


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Mr D N Mishra deserves kudos from all BIHARIS for giving an excellent and comprehensive plan for developing the state. However, it will very much depend on the government how fast they can act and what projects are taken on priority. It is necessary to take up at least some areas on fast track which can give some visible results quickly and the wheel of backwardness starts moving back. "The low lying fruits should be plucked first".

I would like to add that international standard roads connecting major cities of state and availability of power is of prime importance. Apart from this in at least two areas Bihar can make its place on world map. One is tourism - being the most important place for all Buddhist countries. Japan is already showing interest and investing money. Bihar should supplement it by providing other infrastructure - like safety of tourists, clean and good places to stay and have food. Tourists experience can be enhanced by providing additional amusements like developing banks of Ganges into good sightseeing place.

Setting up world class health facilities - especially for heart disease, neurology, cancer treatment and prevention, radiology upgrade, mental disorder and rehabilitation with facilities for stay of patients' family members in nearby places will prevent large number of people from going to far off places and spending a fortune. This will also attract people from nearby countries like Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan etc to come to Bihar for treatment. This may attract NRIs also to visit home state and get comparatively cheaper medical treatment as it has been reported to be happening in Gujarat. - Mithilesh Kumar, Delmar, NY, USA - Feb. 8, 2007


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This is an excellent article on the growth of Bihar. A lot of congratulation to Mishraji for doing such extensive research and hard work. - Seema Jyotishi - Feb. 8, 2007


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Really thoughtful and deep dug analysis by Mishraji. I could not comment much on the theoretical facts elaborated by Mishraji. He has really done a great work for ideal solutions for the modernization and economic strength.

But, the facts are far from reality. I know that my comments would be treated as negative attitude and would be forced to a back seat but bringing out the truth is as important as digging the theoretical facts.

1. Any development of Bihar should be seen in national perspective. After all, the short and long term plans of center are going to decide the fate of each and every part of India. I do not see Bihar developing its own economy going out of national policies.

2. The blind liberal economic policy adapted by the center has left nothing to be done by the government agencies. In every sector of life, the private companies have been invited to play their own games of money-spinning. I do not think that the MNCs coming in India are so generous that these would develop the non-profit fields like rural economy, backward states etc. After all, India still is 80% village and state of the villages would require huge non-refundable amount of money and resources which is out of capacity of an MNC or all MNCs.

3. The development plans are like child birth which cause lot of pain to the procurer. Whenever, anybody would think about any development plan, it would include replacing current policies, structures, trends, mentalities and attitudes with the new ones. I have doubt whether current political situation would permit anyone, whosoever may be, to start new plans. The latest example is the master plan for Delhi. After severe political pressures, the master plan has become miserable plan. The unplanned (mis)management of population, land and water has become so worse that it is out of reach of current law-makers, politicians, official and people too.

4. The theories would be thrown to air if an honest answer to the following question is tried to find:

What would happen (no. of chain events) if a hut comes in the middle of a large piece of land which has been acquired by the government for erecting a mega housing colony? The colony construction would bring employment to 1000 poor people, solve the space problem, develop the neighbourhood economy etc. The hut is to be removed!

Before answering, think about Narmada Baandh Pariyojna (Enron got bankrupted), Delhi Master Plan, Patna Master Plan, Reliance Project in UP, Singur and what not. Moreover, Bihar has more political potential than other states (everybody is a neta).

5. Have a look at the entrance of MNCs in retailing market. Big malls, good quality items, universal prices, clean crease staff, shining covers, big lights etc. The SABJIWAALA of our neighbourhood would go back to his village only to starve because we people are going to a big mall to purchase vegetables. That means (I know it would smell dirty), the MNCs are now planning to pick the last left 25 paise in the torn pockets of the sabjiwallahs and send it back to their own heaven.

If anyone can deny the above truths, I am sure Bihar and India would become the ideal place to live. - Ravish Kumar (A Worried Bihari), Hyderabad - Feb. 9, 2007


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Everything is fine except THE TRIDEV:

Good road (as per dream project of the former Prime Minister Shri Atalji), Power (at least 12 hours non-stop power supply to every nook and corner of the state), and good health services (for every human beings and animals) at every government health centers of the State. Then, development comes and asks (kneeling down):

"Mere Aaqa! Hum hazir hain! Kaya hukum hai?" - Madani Mohiuddin Ahmad, KSU, Riyadh , KSA - Feb. 10, 2007